Studio photography is a special technique in which lighting plays a very important role. Indeed, it conditions the rendering and highlights the object photographed. Participating strongly in the quality of a photo, it is therefore the most complicated point to take into account in the establishment of a studio. It is also a technical aspect which can turn out to be very expensive.
Lighting a photo studio: the use and size of the studio
The equipment required to light a photo studio depends on its size and use. Photographing objects or taking portraits requires less space and light than setting up a single-story photo studio for staging. In all cases, a fund must be installed or created using, for example, sheets for small budgets.
Continuous light and flash
There are two types of lighting: continuous light and flash. Several pieces of equipment are necessary to light the studio in continuous light. Site lamps or halogen torches and projectors provide quality lighting for a reduced investment. They must be at least 500 watts in power and installed on tripods. It should be noted that continuous lights consume a lot of electricity and produce a lot of heat. Flash lighting has the advantage of being more professional and allowing a finesse of the different settings. However, the equipment is often very expensive.
Lighting a photo studio: equipment and accessories
In the photo studio, the presence of light is not enough, it must also be able to divert it and control it through reflectors. Here umbrellas allow light to be reflected. It can also be diffused through easy-to-create light boxes or reflective bowls. Other accessories will be useful depending on the type of photos and the lighting mode chosen: snoots, color filters, light meter…